The perovskites RNiO3 (R rare earth ≠ La) are classified as a phase transition metal-insulator. The transition temperature is modulated by the size of the rare earth. The use of compound R1-xR'xNiO3 can vary transition temperature on a wide thermal range depending on the concentration of the two rare earths. The Sm1-xNdxNiO3 (x = 0.45) thin layers have been carried out on (100) silicon substrates by KrF laser ablation (λ = 248 nm, 25ns) at two different fluences 2 and 3 Jcm-2. The oxygen pressure and the target-substrate distance have been maintained at 0.2 mbar and 4 cm respectively. The deposition temperature has been set at 500 ° C. The obtained layers were characterized by X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy and Rutherford back scattering diagnostics. The resistivity Measurements were carried out by the conventional four-probe method. The XRD spectra revealed the presence of an ideal cubic perovskite phase. The RBS analysis showed that the deposited layers are rich in oxygen. A correlation between the morphology properties of the deposited layers and the plasma dynamics studied by fast imaging has been found.