In the present study, three types of tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) were prepared by solid-solid reaction or co-precipitation method and by different cooling modes. The effect of TTCP on the performance of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) was investigated. The result showed that the characteristic of TTCP varied with preparation method and played an important role in CPC performance. A solid-solid reacted TTCP yielded smaller particle size and resulted in bad workability and mechanical strength of CPC. The fast cooling of sintering TTCP by liquid nitrogen could avoid the decomposition of TTCP and make pure TTCP. TTCP prepared by wet-precipitation could improve performance of CPC and was promising to optimization of CPC.