Silt from the Yellow River was mixed with a certain amount of SiO2 powder to fabricate eco-friendly silica bricks and different amounts of TiO2 were added to ameliorate the thermal conductivity of the bricks. Results showed that the phases of as-fabricated silica bricks are cristobalite and tridymite with cristobalite predominating. With increasing amounts of TiO2, the bulk density and thermal conductivity of the samples increase. Although the bulk density (1.65~1.76 g/cm3 ) than the ideal density 1.85 g/cm3, the thermal conductivity is significantly ameliorated. The thermal conductivity of the sample with 1.5% TiO2 addition is 2.11 W/m.°C, which is nearly three times higher than that of commercial silica bricks (0.8 W/m.°C).