For non-SF6 process and melt cleanliness, CaO added AZ31 Mg alloy has been developed for strip casting. Mg alloys were usually ignited during conventional casting, the continuous casting and strip casting. Protective gases should be used in order to prevent the ignition of Mg alloys during melting and casting processes. However, protective gases have the disadvantages of global warming potential, high production cost and corrosion of steel based equipments. To solve ignition problem and overcome environmental issue, this paper discussed the effects of CaO addition and amount on strip casting process in terms of non-SF6 process and melt cleanliness.