Paper Title:
Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Undercooled Fe-80at%Ni Alloys
  Abstract

Bulk Fe-80at%Ni melts were undercooled by using cyclic superheating and glass slag purification technique, and the maximum undercooling 340 K could be achieved. The microstructures of Fe-80at%Ni alloys were observed by means of optical microscope (OM). The phase composition was identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The magnetic properties of Fe-80at%Ni alloys were measured by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) with a DC M-H analyzer. The results showed that there was only single γ-(Fe, Ni) phase existing in undercooled Fe-80at%Ni alloys. Two grain refinements and one grain coarsening were observed in the undercooling range from 28 K to 340 K. The first grain refinement could be ascribed to dendrite-remelting, and the second to recrystallization induced by the stress originating from rapid solidification. The grain coarsening could be considered as a result of solid-state grain coalescence. The measurement of soft magnetic properties showed that the grain size D decreases with an increase of undercooling, the maximum Ms is 109.98emu/g, corresponding to minimum grain size 42.9μm or undercooling 210 K, and the coercive force Hc is in proportion to the reciprocal of grain size D-1.

  Info
Periodical
Materials Science Forum (Volumes 620-622)
Edited by
Hyungsun Kim, JienFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino and Soo Wohn Lee
Pages
327-330
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.620-622.327
Citation
H. Xie, G.H. Bai, L. Jia, E.K. Liu, Z. L. Lu, "Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Undercooled Fe-80at%Ni Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 620-622, pp. 327-330, 2009
Online since
April 2009
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