Acicular nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) was used to make a new biomaterial composite with polycarbonate by a novel technique. The physical and chemical characteristics of the composites were tested. It was found that the synthesized n-HA crystals were similar to bone apatite in size, phase composition and crystal structure. The TEM results indicated the biomimetic n-HA crystals were uniformly distributed in the polymer matrix. Chemical inter-action between inorganic n-HA and polycarbonate was investigated and discussed. These results indicate that the composite fulfills the basic requirement of bone substitute material, and has the potential for clinical applications.