A method was presented for calculating the temperature distribution of primary shear zone in orthogonal high speed cutting based on the non-uniform volume moving heat source. The temperature distribution of primary shear zone in orthogonal high speed cutting was calculated by the dynamic plastic constitutive relationship and the distribution of strain and strain rate of primary shear zone. The results show that the temperature distribution of primary shear zone is uneven, from the original plane to the cutoff plane, the cutting temperature increases continuously. In the middle of primary shear zone, the change of cutting temperature is larger, at the position near to original plant and cutoff plane, the change of cutting temperature is smaller. The cutting temperature increases with the increase of cutting speed and cutting depth, but decreases with the increase of rake angle. The comparison with existing method shows that the method presented in this paper is not only available, but also simple, convenient and more accord with the fact of orthogonal high speed cutting.