An improved interpolation method is presented based on B-spline curve back calculation which regards data points as control points. First, a B-spline surface reconstruction is done, and a favorable condition for real-time interpolation can be provided for NC machining. Then, by prejudging the trajectory feedrate, the tangent vectors of spline curve junction can be calculated, which can be used to establish the spline curve equations based on time. At last, with the equations mentioned above, the trajectory and feedrate profile can be generated simultaneously by the improved interpolation algorithm. An error analysis is also discussed and the feasibility of the improved algorithm is verified by the simulation results.