Alumina, with high melting point (2050°C), high hardness and mechanical strength, and excellent abrasion resistance, is one of the most common raw materials used in self-flow refractory castables (SFRC) for monolithic linings and is commercially available in various fine to coarse size classes. However, the performance of the refractory lining depends not only on the properties of its ingredients but also on its easy installation (good flowability). The aim of this work was to evaluate the relationship between the flowability index (FI) of fresh castable and the specific surface area (SSA) of its particles, which is mostly determined by the finer particles content. The results obtained showed that, by controlling the proportion between matrix and aggregate, it is possible to control the SSA of the refractory castable and find a mathematical relationship between the specific surface area and the minimum flowability index required to obtain a self-flow refractory castable. It is, thus, possible to optimize the refractory castable size composition and obtain an estimate for FI as a function of SSA. Using a minimum 45 wt.% matrix content in the castable mixture, a SSA value above 2.215 m2/g is obtained, which leads to FI ≥ 80%, the recommended value for self-flow.