An in-situ observation method for structures at high temperature is developed. The new observation device can reveal grain boundaries at high temperature and enables dynamic observation of these boundaries. Grain growth while maintaining microstructure at high temperature is observed by the new observation device with only one specimen for the entire observation, and grain sizes are quantified. The quantifying process reveals two advantages particular to the use of the new observation device: (1) the ability to quantify grain sizes of specified sizes and (2) the results of average grain size for many grains have significantly less errors because the initial structure is the same for the entire observation and the quantifying process. The new observation device has the function to deform a specimen while observing structures at high temperature, so that enables it to observe dynamic recrystallization of steel. The possibility to observe recrystallization is also shown.