We present a process for rapid post-discharge deposition of liquid monomer to form functional coatings at atmospheric pressure. The post-discharge polymerization of dense polyacid and polyether coatings is first depicted versus the energy density deposited by the preliminary surface treatment of polyethylene and polystyrene substrates in air Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) with respect to SEM, to XPS and FTIR-ATR analysis and to polymerization yield determined by mass measurements. The paper focuses on the effect of the filamentary air DBD on surface of the polymer substrates and on post-discharge polymerization mechanism. Indeed, the grafting yield is shown to depend on the energy density deposited by DBD and on the time exposure to air between DBD and monomer deposition, controlling respectively the surface density of radicals and labile peroxides, both triggering the polymerization of vinyl precursors. Then, the effect of deposition conditions on the polymerization yield and related thickness of the functional polymer coatings is shown and special attention is paid to the stability of the coating upon washing.