The mechanical properties of nickel superalloys are related to the spatial distribution of hardening phases, their size and composition, and on the configurations of dislocations introduced by plastic and viscoplastic straining. Heterogeneous plastic flow in relation with dynamic strain aging is examined and synthesized. Dislocations are usually faced with the alternative of shearing or bypassing the ’ phase occupying up to 60 vol.%. Depending on ’ size, several Orowan bypassing mechanisms are observed, alternatively shearing by dislocation pairs or complex configurations involving S-ISF and S-ESF. Variables such as temperature, strain rate and Schmid factor play a decisive role in determining the dislocation configurations which either percolate through the matrix or shear the ’ structure. Various dislocation strategies and microstructures are analyzed and illustrated; they are reviewed critically and summarized in a strain rate versus 1/T mechanism map.