This study is to investigate tribological behavior of brake lining materials by hot pressing commercial friction powders with ceramic powders prepared by TEOS / boehmite sol-gel. The stoichiometric ratios of TEOS / boehmite sol-gel were kept constant but calcinated at different temperature to fabricate different homemade ceramic powders. The various phases of ceramic powders such as γ-Al2O3, δ-Al2O3, θ-Al2O3, α-Al2O3, cristobalite and mullite were formed during the preparation process starting from TEOS / boehmite sol-gel solution. The XRD observations reveal the final compositions of these homemade powders were strongly related to the calcining temperature. The brake lining specimens made from TEOS / boehmite sol-gel calcinated at higher temperature show better tribological performance. The brake lining specimen with α-Al2O3 and mullite which were transformed from TEOS / boehmite sol-gel calcinated at 1300°C shows the most stable friction coefficient and the lowest mass loss during wear tests.