In this study, deep levels are investigated, which are introduced by reactive ion etching (RIE) of n-type/p-type 4H-SiC. The capacitance of as-etched p-type SiC is remarkably small due to compensation or deactivation of acceptors. These acceptors can be recovered to the initial concentration of the as-grown sample after annealing at 1000oC. However, various kinds of defects remain at a total density of ~5× 1014 cm-3 in a surface-near region from 0.3 μm to 1.0 μm even after annealing at 1000oC. The following defects are detected by Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS): IN2 (EC – 0.35 eV), EN (EC – 1.6 eV), IP1 (EV + 0.35 eV), IP2 (HS1: EV + 0.39 eV), IP4 (HK0: EV + 0.72 eV), IP5 (EV + 0.75 eV), IP7 (EV + 1.3 eV), and EP (EV + 1.4 eV). These defects generated by RIE can be significantly reduced by thermal oxidation and subsequent annealing at 1400oC.