This paper describes the twin-roll casting technology of magnesium alloys that contain relatively high weight ratios of aluminum, such as AZ91, AZ101 and AZ111. The magnesium alloy sheets were cast by a horizontal twin roll caster to manufacture relatively high-strength Mg alloys with high aluminum content. The influences of such process parameters as casting temperature and roll speed were ascertained. The microstructures of cast magnesium alloy sheets are observed to investigate the effects of roll-casting conditions on crystal growth in the cast products. It was found that Mg alloys with high aluminum content can be fabricated at a roll speed of 15 m/min with a horizontal-roll caster. The grain size of the manufactured wrought magnesium alloy sheet was about 10 micrometers due to rapid solidification in the proposed process.