Material-technological modelling has made great progress over recent years, thanks to the new possibilities opened up by developments in sensor technology, and especially in new methods of control, supported by innovative electronic elements and electronic circuits. One such device, developed for material-technological modelling, is the thermomechanical simulator which was established in the laboratories of the Research Centre of Forming Technologies FORTECH, in Pilsen, in the Czech Republic. Thanks to new knowledge and technical equipment the majority of technological processes or even technological chains can be modelled. The most considerable and most important innovation in the material-technological modelling process is the significant acceleration and increased precision of the modelling process. The present technology even allows modelling of highly dynamic processes, such as wire rolling including all thermodynamical effects. This paper presents the broad possibilities of the most modern material-technological modelling. The process of detecting technical and manufacturing problems during rolling and the possibilities of failure elimination are introduced in a practical example.