Sufficient oxidation stability of advanced carbon based materials is a key feature for their application in fusion, fission, aerospace and chemical engineering. These materials were examined as part of the EU research projects ExtreMat and Raphael-ML. This paper discusses the presently available oxidation model, outlines its limits on basis of respective experiments and proposes improvements. Methods for oxidation protection of advanced carbon based materials as doping and coating with different components are discussed. Experimental oxidation results on EX10, a carbon fibre in SiC matrix, in air at high flow rates and high temperatures are presented.