A novel approach to obtain ceramic matrix composites with extreme high mechanical wear and thermal shock resistance abilities is presented. The developed corundum matrix composites were reinforced with nanoparticles, submicron fibres and whiskers of Si2ON2, SiAlON, AlN and Si3N4. These kinds of materials have several Young’s modulus simultaneously. These new alumina based ceramic matrix composites were obliged to collisions with different metallic bodies having high densities and impact speeds larger than 900 m/s at the moment of the hits. During the experiments in the places of collisions where oxygen was absent new high density „diamond-like” c-Si3N4 cubic crystals have developed with spinel structures, where nitrogen atoms were distributed in the centres of the cubes. These new spinel crystals of c-Si3N4 in the alumina matrix have extreme high dynamic strength, hardness and wear resistance, like diamond. They were fully resistance to oxygen and thermal shock at the tested temperature of 1200 oC.