The lifetime management of different engineering structures and structural elements is one of the important technical-economic problems nowadays. On the one hand, the aim of our research work is to develop an integrity management plan for pipelines and pipeline systems, and afterwards a Pipeline Integrity Management System. Material databases play important role both on the integrity management and on the engineering critical assessment of the pipeline systems. On the other hand, the aim of our research work is to establish the Pipeline Integrity Management System with different data, frequently with experimental data. The direct purpose of the paper is to present the role of the external and internal reinforcing on the structural integrity of industrial and transporting steel pipelines, based on own examinations. External and internal reinforcement was developed using carbon fibre and glass fibre polymer matrix composites, respectively. Fatigue and burst tests were performed on pipeline sections containing natural and artificial metal loss defects, and girth welds including weld defects. Both unreinforced and reinforced pipeline sections were examined. The burst pressures belonging to the unreinforced and the reinforced pipelines, and belonging to the passed and not passed girth welds were compared.