The petroleum industry generates huge amounts of oily sludge during the process of oil and gas extraction. This waste is a pollutant material that can cause environmental damage. Because of this, it has been treated with bentonite clay, being referred as encapsulated petroleum waste. In this work the chemical-environmental characterization and classification of the petroleum waste were done according to ABNT standards. The results indicated that the encapsulated petroleum waste should be classified as Class IIA – “No Inert”. Therefore, it could be used in manufacture of ceramic products for civil construction.