Paper Title:
Nanocomposite Microcapsules from Powders of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and Smectite Clays
  Abstract

Drug delivery systems involving microcapsules provide an attractive way to improve the performance of many chemical and biological substances. These systems may be used for several industrial segments, especially medical, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. PHB is a polyhydroxyalkanoate available in powder form, biocompatible, biodegradable and inert towards animal tissues. The obtained PHB/smectite clay nanocomposite improved the physical-chemical properties of PHB, including its biodegradability. In this work, we describe the preparation of microcapsules from two nanocomposites systems: a) PHB and Cloisite 20A organoclay (PHB1) and b) PHB and natural Brazilian green policationic clay (PHB2). When analyzed by XRD, the films and microcapsules did not show a d(001) peak, demonstrating an exfoliated structure for the nanocomposites. The films have shown by SEM an homogeneous distribution with the clay mineral particles spread homogeneously by the PHB film. The new microcapsules/nanocomposites showed an “hydrangea” morphology. The diameter of the microcapsules was variable between 0.5-15 µm.

  Info
Periodical
Materials Science Forum (Volumes 660-661)
Edited by
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
Pages
794-798
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.660-661.794
Citation
M. G. da Silva-Valenzuela, S. H. Wang, H. Wiebeck, F. R. Valenzuela-Díaz, "Nanocomposite Microcapsules from Powders of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and Smectite Clays", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 660-661, pp. 794-798, 2010
Online since
October 2010
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$32.00
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