Paper Title:
Synthesis of Nickel Oxide - Zirconia Composites by Coprecipitation Route Followed by Hydrothermal Treatment
  Abstract

Nickel oxide-yttria stabilized zirconia (NiO-YSZ) for use as solid oxide fuel cell anode were synthesized by coprecipitation to obtain amorphous zirconia and crystallized β-nickel gels of the corresponding metal hydroxides. Hydrothermal treatment at 200°C and 220 psi from 2 up to 16 hours, under stirring, was performed to produce nanocrystalline powder. The as-synthesized powders were uniaxially pressed and sintered in air. Powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, laser scattering, scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM/TEM), gas adsorption technique (BET) and TG-DTA thermal analysis. Ceramic samples were characterized by dilatometric analysis and density measurements by Archimedes method. The characteristics of hydrothermally synthesized powders and compacts were compared to those produced without temperature and pressure application. Crystalline powders were obtained after hydrothermal process, excluding the calcination step from this route. The specific surface area of powders decreases with increasing time of hydrothermal treatment while the agglomerate mean size is not affected by this parameter.

  Info
Periodical
Materials Science Forum (Volumes 660-661)
Edited by
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
Pages
977-982
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.660-661.977
Citation
W. K. Yoshito, V. Ussui, D. R. R. Lazar, J. O. A. Paschoal, "Synthesis of Nickel Oxide - Zirconia Composites by Coprecipitation Route Followed by Hydrothermal Treatment", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 660-661, pp. 977-982, 2010
Online since
October 2010
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