Highly monodisperse ZnO nanorods were synthesized by simple solution chemical process. The produced ZnO nanorods have uniform diameters about 30 nm with average aspect ratios more than 40. Raman and photoluminescence measurements were used to examine their optical properties. Raman spectrum presents weak quantum confinement effects of the fine nanorods. Laser power-dependent photoluminescence spectra show the products have intense UV emissions with narrow full width at the half maximum (FWHM). All the performed experiments determine the good crystal and optical quality of synthesized nanorods.