Pure nickel sheets are severe plastically deformed by constrained groove pressing technique at room temperature up to three passes. A total strain magnitude of 3.48 is imparted to the sheets and further processing is limited by initiation of surface microcracks. The grain size evolution studied by optical microscopy reveals significant grain refinement at the end of third pass evidently illustrating the effectiveness of groove pressing technique for grain refinement in sheet materials. Vickers microhardness measured during different stages of groove pressing process clearly describes the deformation behaviour in different segments of slant and flat regions. The change in mechanical properties of constrained groove pressed sheet is evaluated by room temperature tensile and microhardness tests. Results showed considerable increase in strength and hardness during initial passes followed by slight drop during third pass.