The purpose of our research is to generate the ultrahigh pressure by using high explosive and to transform a phase of a material. The extremely high impulsive pressure generator that has been developed by us uses the head-on collision between metal jets. Because the velocity of the metal jet is very high, the ultrahigh pressure will generate. If a powdered material is mixed to metal jets, it is expected that the material is transformed to a high pressure phase by this ultrahigh pressure. A graphite powder was used to synthesize a diamond. The existence of the diamond was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). In this paper, the mechanism of the generation of the ultrahigh pressure is explained and the results of the observation of the powder by using scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) are reported.