The olivine-type LiFePO4 powder was prepared by a chemical method using the synthesized FePO4⋅2H2O, LiOH and glucose as raw materials. The synthesized FePO4⋅2H2O powder was obtained by co-precipitation method. FePO4⋅2H2O and LiFePO4 powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed the synthesized FePO4⋅2H2O powder at pH of 2.05 was in a single phase and nearly spherical in shape. Using the synthesized powders to prepared LiFePO4 at 600 °C in vacuum for 2 h was nearly spherical in shape and whose size was in the range of 0.1-0.5μm.