HAP Nanoparticles Was Synthesized by Homogeneous Precipitation. the Size Distribution, Crystallization Degree and Morphology of the Precipitation Were Characterized by Laser Granularity Instrument, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) Respectively. the Prepared HAP Nanoparticles Were Used for the Treatment of Human Chronic Myeloid Leukemia K562 Cells. the Inhibition Effect of the Nanoparticles on the Proliferation of K562 Cells Was Measured by MTT Assay and Growth Curve Test. the Results Showed that the HAP Nanoparticles Inhibit the Proliferation of K562 Cells Dramatically in Vitro. the Likely Inhibition Mechanism of HAP Nanoparticles on the K562 Cells Is that the Nanoparticles Entered into the Dells, Induced a Series of Cell Changes, through Cell Death of Apoptosis, Oncosis and Autoschizis, Thus Led to the Death of K562 Cells.