The effect of poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide)/bioactive glass (PLGA/BG) on cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation of L929 fibroblastic cells was investigated. The results of in-vitro cytotoxicity test indicated that the cells cultured in extract of PLGA/BG and on the surface of composite showed normal growth and proliferation. The cell proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity of fibroblast were significantly improved after 3 and 7 days of culture on PLGA/BG films in comparison with PLGA films. It can be concluded that the addition of bioactive glass into PLGA stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of fibroblastic cells. Therefore, PLGA/BG composites have a promising biological response as a potential biomaterial in medical field.