This paper discusses the most current issues of overhead power transmission relative to the development of new conductive materials with unconventional technological and operational qualities. The present condition is based on the one hand on the traditional aluminium-steel conductors with their numerous weaknesses, and on the other hand on state of the art design solutions employing self-supporting, highly-conductive, and thermally and rheologically resistant aluminium alloys. A gap exists between pure aluminium-based conductors which are no longer sufficient and conductors made of precipitation hardened aluminium alloys, which even though they allow to achieve perfect properties, they are not sufficiently cost-effective as for their complex manufacturing technologies. For these reasons, light and sufficiently strong materials based on aluminium are needed, which enable simplified technologies for processing into conductors. Non-precipitation hardened aluminium alloys with such alloy additives as Fe, Si, Cu, Mg, Ti, B, and rare earth metals are preferred in this area. An appropriate composition of these elements, as well as manufacturing and alloy production technology (casting, rolling and drawing) create potential opportunities to obtain wires and conductors with application properties required by electrical power engineering. This paper thoroughly analyses the impact of various elements on the formation of mechanical and electrical properties of aluminium alloys.