The adsorption of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution by sodium hydroxide-treated bamboo powder（STB） was studied in a batch adsorption system. Characteristics of STB were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Factors influencing adsorption such as pH of the solution, adsorbent dosage, cadmium concentration and temperature have been studied. The adsorption process was relatively fast and equilibrium was achieved after 120 min, and the maximum adsorption of Cd(II) ions occurred at around pH 6.5. The equilibrium data were fitted using Langmuir, Temkin and Freundlich isotherm models to calculate isotherm constants. And the adsorption isotherm fitted well Langmuir isotherm, and the maximum adsorption capacity was 8.987 mg/g.