Dynamic analysis and modal test were conducted on a vertical grinding machine. The mathematical model of joint surface parameter identification between the bed and the column was established in CAD/CAE integrated environment. Based on the results of dynamic analysis and modal test, the parameters of joint surface were identified and the finite element model was accurately created. Then, the weak bodies of the original machine were improved. According to the finite element analysis of the improved machine, the performances of the new machine were better than the original machine.