Textures and related anisotropy effects which occur in certain industrial processes are presented for as-cast, deformed and annealed (recrystallized) Aluminium alloys and products. They are analyzed in detail and discussed based on their formation mechanisms, which are growth selection during solidification and the formation of new grains during casting and recrystallization, glide on selected slip planes during plastic deformation and oriented nucleation and oriented growth of new grains during recrystallization. Alloy composition and constitution that control microstructure evolution during processing (e.g. casting, extrusion, hot and cold rolling, annealing) determine the material quality and product performance.In these cases industrial processing of Aluminium alloys is specifically designed to control textures to achieve superior anisotropic properties and so better meet special product requirements. Examples are given for resulting properties, like strength and formability / anisotropy effects in packaging and automotive sheet applications. Other examples are given for the etching behaviour of high purity Aluminium capacitor foil and strength anisotropy of age hardened extrusions for aerospace applications.