Using ion implantation different rare earth luminescent centers (Gd3+, Tb3+, Eu3+, Ce3+, Tm3+, Er3+) were formed in the silicon dioxide layer of a purpose-designed Metal Oxide Silicon (MOS) capacitor with advanced electrical performance, further called a MOS-light emitting device (MOSLED). Efficient electroluminescence was obtained for the wavelength range from UV to infrared with a transparent top electrode made of indium-tin oxide. Top values of the efficiency of 0.3 % corresponding to external quantum efficiencies distinctly above the percent range were reached. The electrical properties of these devices such as current-voltage and charge trapping characteristics, were also evaluated. Finally, application aspects to the field of biosensing will be shown.