This paper investigates the effect of Bubbling and AlCuP on primary Si size in Al-18%Si alloy. Bubbling process and AlCuP treatment are effective for refining primary Si in hypereutectic Al-Si alloy. Both the bubble and AlCuP can be used as nucleation sites of primary Si. Many nucleation sites can make the size of primary Si decreased. So, this experiment suggests that the mix using of bubbling process and AlCuP treatment are more effective for nucleation site of primary Si. For deciding the optimum treatment order, the experiments are processed 3 kinds of order with varying stirring time and holding temperature; 1)AlCuP treatment and then bubbling process, 2)simultaneously using of bubbling process and AlCuP treatment, 3)bubbling process and then AlCuP treatment.