Recently, BCAST at Brunel University has developed a MCAST (melt conditioning by advanced shear technology) process for conditioning liquid metal at temperature either above or bellow the alloy liquidus using a high shear twin-screw mechanism. The MCAST process has now been combined with the twin roll casting (TRC) process to form an innovative technology, namely, the melt conditioned twin roll casting (MC-TRC) process for casting Al-alloy and Mg-alloy strips. During the MC-TRC process, liquid alloy with a specified temperature is continuously fed into the MCAST machine. By intensive shearing under the high shear rate and high intensity of turbulence, the liquid is transformed into conditioned melt with uniform temperature and composition throughout the whole volume. The conditioned melt is then fed continuously into the twin-roll caster for strip production. The experimental results show that the AZ91D MC-TRC strips with different thicknesses have fine and uniform microstructure. The strip consists of equiaxed grains with a mean size of 60-70μm. The strip displays extremely uniform grain size and composition throughout the whole cross-section. Investigation also shows that both TRC and MC-TRC processes with reduced deformation are effective to reduce the formation of defects, particularly the formation of the central line segregations.