The intended aim of the paper was to present a short review of more than 15 years of experience of ITWL in the field of applying the signal of actual rotational speed (aperiodic and oscillation components thereof) to the expert diagnosing of aero-engines, including identification of low- and high-cycle fatigue (LCF, HCF) of critical structural members. What has been presented is some essential metrological bearings of the non-contact technique of measuring the engine’s rpm with some flexible key phasors (i.e. vibrating compressor/turbine blades). Also, methods of numerical analysis of measuring signals, in use nowadays, have been discussed. With the jet engine of the SO-3 type (in use on the TS-11 “Iskra” combat trainer) as an example, are discussed algorithms of both the identification of disadvantageous aeromechanical effects (energy state of the engine - i.e. the source of accelerated HCF wear of structural components) and the early detection of symptoms of fatigue failures to compressor blades and the bearing system. The discussed problems have been illustrated with examples selected as to emphasise practicalities of applying a new source of diagnostic information to ‘actively’ control the process of fatigue wear (HCF + LCF) of engine components and to forecast the engine health/maintenance status.