Structural and luminescence properties have been studied in silicon layers with dislocation-related luminescence. Multiple room temperature implantation of oxygen ions with doses low than the amorphization threshold was carried out. Silicon ions with a dose exceeding the amorphization threshold by two orders of magnitude were implanted at a higher temperature (≥ 80°C). Both the implantations were not followed by the amorphization of the implanted layers. Annealing in a chlorine-containing atmosphere resulted in formation of extended structural defects and luminescence centers. Some regularities and peculiarities in the properties of the extended defects and dislocation-related luminescence lines were revealed in dependence on the implantation and annealing conditions.