Paper Title:
Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Microstructural Evolution in Nanograined Ni-Ti Microwires Heat Treated by Electric Pulse
  Abstract

Transmission electron microscopy and mechanical testing were employed to investigate the evolution of microstructure and functional superelastic properties of 0.1mm diameter as-drawn Ni-Ti wires subjected to a non-conventional heat treatment by controlled electric pulse current. This method enables a finer control of the recovery and recrystallisation processes taking place during the heat treatment and accordingly a better control on the final microstructure. The best functional properties were obtained for heat-treated Ni-Ti wires having a nanograined microstructure (20-50 nm) partially recovered through polygonization and partially recrystallized. Such microstructure is highly resistant against dislocation slip upon cycling, while microstructures annealed for longer time and showing mostly recrystallized grains were prone to dislocation slip, particularly as the grain size exceeds 100 nm. The density of dislocation defects increased significantly with increasing grain size of the microstructure. The activity of three <100>/{011} slip systems was identified in the largest grains of 500-1200 nm. An additional mode of plastic deformation, {114} compound austenite twinning, was observed in the largest grains of fully recrystallized microstructures. It is proposed that dislocation slip (and possibly deformation twinning) occurring in superelastic cycling is coupled with the stress-induced martensitic transformation.

  Info
Periodical
Solid State Phenomena (Volumes 172-174)
Edited by
Yves Bréchet, Emmanuel Clouet, Alexis Deschamps, Alphonse Finel and Frédéric Soisson
Pages
682-687
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.172-174.682
Citation
R. Delville, B. Malard, J. Pilch, P. Šittner, D. Schryvers, "Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Microstructural Evolution in Nanograined Ni-Ti Microwires Heat Treated by Electric Pulse", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 172-174, pp. 682-687, 2011
Online since
June 2011
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Price
$32.00
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