Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) have been widely used for manufacturing spacecraft, aircraft and automobile structural parts in aerospace and automotive industries. However, CFRP is a kind of hard machining materials and conventional tungsten carbide drills always experience severe tool wear, and thus short lifetime in the CFRP drilling process. In this paper, the CVD diamond films are deposited on the surface of cobalt cemented tungsten carbide (WC–Co) drills using hot filament chemical vapor deposition (HFCVD) method. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) is adopted to investigate the surface morphology of as-fabricated CVD diamond coated drills, additional analysis using Raman spectrum also indicates the high purity of sp3 phase of as-deposited diamond film. Furthermore, the machining performance of as-fabricated CVD diamond coated drills is examined in drilling the CFRP, comparing with the uncoated WC-Co drills. The chisel edge and primary cutting edge wear of drills are studied using the tool microscope. The results show that as-fabricated CVD diamond coated drills exhibit a much elongated lifetime than that of uncoated WC-Co drills, and also smoother surface finish of machined holes, which is supposed to be attributed to the excellent wear resistance and satisfied adhesive strength between the as-deposited diamond films and drills.