Based on the analysis of problems of diamond cut-off wheels used in slot grinding of ceramics at present, a brazed diamond cut-off wheel was produced and analyzed. Two typical advanced ceramics, alumina and silicon nitride, were used as the workpiece materials. In the experiments of slot grinding of ceramics, grinding ratio, wear process of the wheel and grinding quality of the work were studied. Experimental results showed that the brazed diamond cut-off wheel obtained good grinding ratio and abrasive resistance. The surface roughness of ground silicon nitride was better than that of alumina.