Non-Line-of-Sight Error Mitigation in Wireless Communication Systems
When there is non-line-of-sight (NLOS) path between the mobile station (MS) and base stations (BSs), it is possible to integrate many kinds of measurements to achieve more accurate measurements of the MS location. This paper proposed hybrid methods that utilize time of arrival (TOA) at five BSs and angle of arrival (AOA) information at the serving BS to determine the MS location in NLOS environments. The methods mitigate the NLOS effect simply by the weighted sum of the intersections between five TOA circles and the AOA line without requiring priori knowledge of NLOS error statistics. Simulation results show that the proposed methods always give superior performance than Taylor series algorithm (TSA) and the hybrid lines of position algorithm (HLOP).
Elwin Mao and Linli Xu
S. L. Su et al., "Non-Line-of-Sight Error Mitigation in Wireless Communication Systems", Advanced Engineering Forum, Vol. 1, pp. 173-177, 2011