Design and Evaluation New Rice Planter Tool without Mechanical Engine for Improving Conventional Farmer's Posture as Revival of Agriculture's Indonesia

Abstract:

Article Preview

Indonesia is an agricultural country and most of the population work in that sector. Indonesia focusses its development on the agricultural sector which emphasize on rice plantation. One of the obstacle on the agricultural sector in Indonesia is the conventional work method that is manually planting the rice in the rice field. However, this kind of method can affect the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal discomfort complained because of excessive muscle contraction as an effect of heavy workload in a long duration. The objectives of this research was designing rice planter tool using participatory ergonomic approachment. This design could reduce the injury risks and musculoskeletal complaints and increase the productivity.There was a comparison between the proposed rice planter tool design with the conventional method of rice planting based on the musculoskeletal complaints, time efficiency and expended cost. TheREBA scoring result indicates that new-concept of rice planter tool improves subjective comfort level and reduces injury risks in the trunk, waist, right and left shoulders. By using the rice planter tool, the injury risk can be reduced until 66.67%. On the other side, suppose the same worker which usually plants one rice sprout with conventional method spends time about x seconds. Compared by using the proposed rice planter tool, the worker only spends 0,5x seconds from conventional method rice planting. Therefore, the time for rice planting will be more efficient by using this tool.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Rosnah Mohd Yusuff, Siti Anom Ahmad, Dian Darina Indah Daruis, Baba Md Deros and Siti Zawiah Md Dawal

Pages:

116-121

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AEF.10.116

Citation:

A. Dila Sari et al., "Design and Evaluation New Rice Planter Tool without Mechanical Engine for Improving Conventional Farmer's Posture as Revival of Agriculture's Indonesia", Advanced Engineering Forum, Vol. 10, pp. 116-121, 2013

Online since:

December 2013

Export:

* - Corresponding Author

[1] Ambedkar, B.R. Work Posture Assessment In Forging Industry: An Exploratory Study in India, Department of Industrial & Production Engineering, National Institute of Technology Jalandhar., International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology. 1 (2010).

[2] Davis K.G., Understanding The Ergonomic Risk for Musculoskeletal Disorders in The United States Agricultural Sector, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, (2005).

[3] Karwowski, Waldemar., Salvendy, Gavriel. Ergonomics in Manufacturing, Engineering & Management Press, Nacros, (1998).

[4] De Jong, AM, A Three-Phased Model of Participatory Ergonomics Processes to Improve Work in The Construction Industry, Industial Health Journal. 30 (2004) 383-387.

[5] Punnett, L., and Wegman, D. H., Work – Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: The Epidemiologic Evidence and the Debate,J. Electromyography and Kinesiology. 14 (2004) 13 – 23.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.09.015

[6] Hignett S., and McAtamney L., Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Applied Ergonomics. 31 (2000) 201 – 205.

DOI: 10.1016/s0003-6870(99)00039-3

[7] Morgan D., Participatory Ergonomics: Introducing the OSACH Ergonomic Program Implementation Continuum (EPIC) Program a Practical Approach to Injury Prevention, Ontario Safety Association for Community and Healthcare. 1 (2009) 1-15.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.