Design and Evaluation New Rice Planter Tool without Mechanical Engine for Improving Conventional Farmer's Posture as Revival of Agriculture's Indonesia
Indonesia is an agricultural country and most of the population work in that sector. Indonesia focusses its development on the agricultural sector which emphasize on rice plantation. One of the obstacle on the agricultural sector in Indonesia is the conventional work method that is manually planting the rice in the rice field. However, this kind of method can affect the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal discomfort complained because of excessive muscle contraction as an effect of heavy workload in a long duration. The objectives of this research was designing rice planter tool using participatory ergonomic approachment. This design could reduce the injury risks and musculoskeletal complaints and increase the productivity.There was a comparison between the proposed rice planter tool design with the conventional method of rice planting based on the musculoskeletal complaints, time efficiency and expended cost. TheREBA scoring result indicates that new-concept of rice planter tool improves subjective comfort level and reduces injury risks in the trunk, waist, right and left shoulders. By using the rice planter tool, the injury risk can be reduced until 66.67%. On the other side, suppose the same worker which usually plants one rice sprout with conventional method spends time about x seconds. Compared by using the proposed rice planter tool, the worker only spends 0,5x seconds from conventional method rice planting. Therefore, the time for rice planting will be more efficient by using this tool.
Rosnah Mohd Yusuff, Siti Anom Ahmad, Dian Darina Indah Daruis, Baba Md Deros and Siti Zawiah Md Dawal
A. Dila Sari et al., "Design and Evaluation New Rice Planter Tool without Mechanical Engine for Improving Conventional Farmer's Posture as Revival of Agriculture's Indonesia", Advanced Engineering Forum, Vol. 10, pp. 116-121, 2013