Assessment of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches Harvesters Working Postures Using Reba


Article Preview

Ergonomics has plays an important role to improve occupational health and work productivity in most industries in Malaysia including agriculture. However, most of the workers in Malaysia especially in oil palm plantation do not highlight ergonomics awareness as priority for their safety and health. They still using manual tools and consequently exposed to ergonomics risk factors. The objective of this study is to evaluate working postures during harvesting oil palm fresh fruit bunches. The Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) is used to evaluate risks working postures and movements corresponding to the tasks. From the analysis, it is revealed that most of the oil palm workers were affected by musculoskeletal disorders especially on left and right hand side. Immediate action such as conduct ergonomics training for the workers must be taken to solve this ergonomic problem.



Edited by:

Rosnah Mohd Yusuff, Siti Anom Ahmad, Dian Darina Indah Daruis, Baba Md Deros and Siti Zawiah Md Dawal




N. S. M. Nawi et al., "Assessment of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches Harvesters Working Postures Using Reba", Advanced Engineering Forum, Vol. 10, pp. 122-127, 2013

Online since:

December 2013


* - Corresponding Author

[1] Darcor. 2001. The Ergonomics of Manual Material Handling : Pushing and Pulling Tasks. Information on http: /www. darcor. com/public/File/pdf/Darcor_Casters_WhitePaper. pdf.

[2] Rud, S. (n. d. ). 2011. An Ergonomic Analysis of the Current Lifting Techniques in Height Restricted Cargo, 1–64.

[3] Singh, L. P. (2010). Work posture assessment in forging industry : An exploratory study in India. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology. (1). 358-366.

[4] Ansari, N. A., Shende, P. N., Sheikh, M. J., & Vaidya, R. D. (2013). Study and Justification of Body Postures of Workers Working In SSI by Using Reba, (3), 505–509.

[5] Varmazyar, S., Amini, M., & Kiafar, S. (2012). Ergonomic Evaluation of Work Conditions in Qazvin Dentists and its Association with Musculoskeletal Disorders Using REBA Method, 24(3), 182–187.

[6] Chapman, L & Meyers, J. 2002. Ergonomics and musculoskeletal injuries in agriculture Recognizing and preventing the industry's most widespread health and safety problem. Information on http: /agcenter. ucdavis. edu/AgDoc/Erg_Musc_Inj. pdf.

[7] Hope, a, Kelleher, C., Holmes, L., & Hennessy, T. (1999).

[8] C. Solomon. 2002. Accidental injuries in agriculture in the UK. Occupational Medicine. 52(8): 461-466.

[9] Walker-Bone, K., & Palmer, K. T. (2002). Musculoskeletal disorders in farmers and farm workers. Occupational medicine (Oxford, England), 52(8), 441–50. Information on http: /www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pubmed/12488514.

[10] Duraj, V. Miles, J.A., Meyers, J.M., Faucett J.A., Janowitz I.L. (2000). Harvesting aids for reducing ergonomics risk factors in wine grape hand harvesting. Information on http: /ag-ergo. ucdavis. edu.

[11] Wan, I., Mohd, Z., & Wan. Z. 1997. Sistem Pengautomatan Jentera Pemungut Tandan Kelapa Sawit. Pertanika J. Sci. & Technol. 5(2): 241-256.

[12] Jelani, A. R., Hitam, A., Jamak, J., Noor, M., Gono, Y., & Ariffin, O. (2008). Cantas TM – A tool for the efficient harvesting of oil palm fresh fruit bunches. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 20, 548–558.

[13] Hai, T.C. (2002). The Palm Oil Industry in Malaysia From Seed to Frying Pan. Information on assets. panda. org/downloads/oilpalmchainpartaandb_esri. pdf.

[14] Halim, I., & Omar, A. R. (2011). Posture, muscle activity and oxygen consumption evaluations among metal stamping operators: A pilot study in Malaysian Small and Medium. 72(4).

[15] Takala, E. -P., Pehkonen, I., Forsman, M., Hansson, G. -Å., Mathiassen, S. E., Neumann, W. P., Sjøgaard, G., et al. (2010).

[16] Hignett, S., & McAtamney, L. (2000). Rapid entire body assessment (REBA). Applied ergonomics, 31(2), 201–5. Information on http: /www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pubmed/10711982.


[17] Jelani, A. R., Shuib, A. R., Hitam, A., Jamak, J., & Noor, M. M. (2003). Hand-held mechanical cutter. MPOB Infomation Series No. 180, (JUNE), 1–2.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.