New Metropolitan Perspectives

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Authors: Francesco Calabrò, Lucia Della Spina
Abstract: Metropolitan Cities are considered a subject crucial to the development of the territories, for "... modernize the public administration, and respond with a streamlined structure and efficient response to the growing expectations of businesses and citizens" [.They should, therefore, be able to improve the competitiveness and attractiveness of the territories also through innovative forms of governance, able to used most effectively administrative action.This paper aims to deepen the reflection on the most appropriate tools whose metropolitan cities should have in order to respond to its founding purpose.
Authors: Roberto Camagni, Roberta Capello
Abstract: The aim of the paper is to reflect on the justifications and design of cohesion policies in a period of deep economic recession. In particular, the paper tackles two important topics. The first topic deals with the justification for structural policies like cohesion policies in a period of economic downturn, since they look less urgent and appropriate than short term demand policies. In this case, cohesion policies are called to rebalance the effects that the ongoing crisis has on the convergence trends of the last two decades. The second topic relates to the most appropriate design that cohesion policies should have. The message that the paper provides from a conceptual point of view, corroborated by empirical results, is that the winning strategy is neither to focus on champions, calling for competitiveness, nor on lagging areas, in favor of cohesion; policies targeted to each regions’ needs are the right policies, able to enlarge and embrace all possible excellences. This strategy demonstrates that the traditional trade-off between efficiency and equity goals may be overcome.
Authors: Donato Di Ludovico, Pierluigi Properzi, Andrea Santarelli
Abstract: This text describes the results of a research conducted as part of the Junction territories Project 2 Abruzzo by the Ministry for Infrastructure and Transport and the Abruzzo Region, which interprets the regional space of the Central Italy as Median Macro-region, implemented through the Territory projects. The identification of Territorial Settlement Systems, of Tourist Systems, Territorial Frameworks, Network Cities (in relational terms) is used to overcome the dualism that has always characterized the development of central Italy, its polycentrism and the imbalance of policies in favor of Metropolitan cities.
Authors: Rossella Maspoli
Abstract: The paper analyzes the urban transformation and the development of criteria for the conception and design of outdoor urban space, in the smart city context. In the regeneration of peripheral historical and postindustrial neighborhoods, interactive storytelling and cultural mediation for collaborative placemaking of public sites can generate not only art and culture - in accordance with the enhancement of historical memory and to the rediscovery of local identity - but also opportunities for redevelopment. The research evaluates case studies and explores the potential of innovative micro-community aggregation through the social media interaction, the analysis of use and performance requirements for public space and the experimentation of from the bottom construction of new services and equipment through an interdisciplinary collaborative network. The network promises constituted by citizens, community facilitators, professional experts, young in training creative and local artisan entrepreneurs. The collaborative placemaking focuses on the design and construction of eco-friendly and recycling equipment and on the sharing services for the use of marginal outdoor spaces and the re-use of abandoned spaces on the ground floor of buildings. The plan of operations research is to establish a creative supply chain, from the development of a web platform for sharing spatial data and a "map of the community" to the construction of hybrid places - real and digital - through processes of traditional handcrafts such as digital fabrication, to improve the quality of living, the leisure and the health.
Authors: Saverio Alessandro Falcomatà, Teresa Nucera, Leonarda Tripodi
Abstract: A basic requirement to achieve economic development within a State or a union of states is to reduce spatial inequalities between the different regions and cities. Both in the European Union and in the United States, development budget funds are assigned to local development strategies. In this perspective, the place-based approach furthers regional development by tailoring policies to the specific economic and social contexts. American and European case studies reveal strengths and weaknesses of policies involved in the local development process while pursuing the spatial equity distribution principle. American case studies such as Dudley Street, Boston MA and Washington Gateway Main Street, Boston MA, reveal a consolidate recourse to corporations, organizations and institutions in order to implement the place-based initiatives. On the other side, European case studies such as Berlin-Brandenburg, Germany and West Midlands, United Kingdom and others, denote an ad-hoc practice but at the same time a wider scope of application. Final observations enable to implement the theoretical knowledge on the places-based approach as a driver to thrive local development.
Authors: Gerlandina Prestia, Valeria Scavone
Abstract: The Europe 2020 strategy and the Horizon 2020 program can begin a real path about the role that the city will be able play for a new development. Usually, it is in the cities that are intensifying tangible and intangible social relations and, given that they focused almost 70% of the world population, it is clear that the city must begin to start any development scenario: the problems / opportunities related to the management of natural resources, energy to move. The culture is a «primary factor of urban creativity (...), the city's identity that has its roots the program schedule of history and extends its branches in the future» [4], awaiting a new model of development local self-sustainable combining protection, conservation, enhancement of resources and economic recovery. In Sicily, the small cities are located, mostly, in the inland, hilly or mountainous areas, where live, again, abandonment, isolation and fragmentation, unlike the coastal urban area, more dynamic, includes the metropolitan areas and the most important towns. In this context, we examined the case of the region in Agrigento. The present study was conducted on all municipalities but not on those outermost and peripheral areas which are more distant from the pole and longer subject to the problems typical of these areas. The vision proposes a multi-layered and multi-dimensional territory characterized by infrastructure networks, networks of settlement, economic and social formations, set up with a multi-scale approach as required by the paradigm of sustainability, «a regional strategy for the medium-long-term» and, on the small scale, the answer «to ad hoc needs». In the case of the region of Agrigento, it is more appropriate deal in about the mobility and not about the transport, to move from a logic of exclusive government of the offer, a demand, through projects and policies that promote use integrated soil, actions to promote intermodality, projects to improve the construction of circuits safe mobility. To start virtuous dynamics of their cooperation, therefore, the contribution aims to intervene with a reticular approach, with a strong identity value, leading to a free physical and virtual so that, combining protection, exploitation of resources, services and economic development, in such small municipalities be returned liveability and attractiveness.
Authors: Vincenzo Provenzano, Maurizio Carta, Massimo Arnone
Abstract: The debate on the determinants of regional and local development has been stimulated recently by the European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth defined as Europe 2020. We present the objectives and structure of a new laboratory (SI-LAB) for the development of Sicilian economy promoted by the University of Palermo. In particular, we highlight the fundamental issues related to the incoming functioning of the Lab as a new oganization devoted to analyzing public policy issues, and fostering new ways of entrepreurship at the local level.
Authors: Vincenzo Provenzano, Maria Rosaria Seminara
Abstract: Marginality should be seen as an a asset rather than a liability for a region or a community. Marginality reflects a strategy of economic development, and this paper also seeks institutional means for championing marginality over conformity.
Authors: Andrea R. Proto, Giuseppe Zimbalatti, Lorenzo Abenavoli, Bruno Bernardi, Soraya Benalia
Abstract: The biomass for energy purposes, coming from agroforestry systems and timber industry, can provide various environmental and socio-economic benefits. Among all renewable energy sources, agroforestry biomass represents both an important alternative source to fossil fuels and an opportunity for the socio-economic development of various marginal areas in Italy. In particular, agroforestry is a collective name of land use systems in which woody perennials are grown in association with herbaceous plants and/or livestock in a spatial arrangements, a rotation, or both in which there are both ecological and economic interactions between the tree and the non-tree components of the system. Estimating availability of biomass resources is important to assess bioenergy production potential and so bioenergy contribution to annual energy demand. In the supply of biomass to energy use, the planning of operations is the basis for sustainable development of agroforest system. Most existing forest practice rules and recommendations did not anticipate this increased extraction of woody biomass and offer no specific guidance on how much removal is healthy for ecosystems. Intensification of biomass utilization, particularly for energy and fuel needs, presents a range of potential environmental risks. Therefore, the research focuses on development of guidelines for increasing a sustainable biomass supply chain at local scale, in order to facilitate energy planning that considers the local system carrying capacity and the potential of substitution of fossil fuels.

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