New Metropolitan Perspectives

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Authors: Andrea Varriale
Abstract: The concept of urban informality, mostly referring to housing or economic activities, is usually used in two different fashions. Some liberal scholars see informality as a primordial forms of entrepreneurialism or as “deep democracy” which is made possible by the ineffectiveness of state’s attempts to regulate the relevant matters. They typically call for a the legalization of informal practices and their integration in state structures. A more critical perspective sees informality as emanating directly from state’s power to define the boundaries of “formality” and to arbitrarily deprive some of its citizens from their rights. The distance between these two interpretations leaves a gap which offers little theoretical foundations for analyses of phenomena of spatial informality which can be understood neither as entirely unrelated to the state, nor as being determined by it. The paper seeks to fill this gap by proposing a third view of informality, which is built upon Lefebvre’s model of “spatial dialectics”.
Authors: Marina Rigillo, Elena Cervelli
Abstract: The paper discusses research criteria for mapping urban vulnerability, focusing on the elements at risk. The study works in the framework of the "case-study research" and takes in account the impacts of a specific hazard risk (seismic event) in the City of Gran Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The paper proposes a critical framework that addresses planning methods toward a more efficient support to face seismic hazard.The research question is how vulnerable are contemporary cities? And, is it possible to promote city resistance through more adequate knowledge about the assets at risk? So the study starts from the concept of risk as combination of hazard, vulnerability and exposure and propose a risk oriented methodology aimed at collecting and interpreting data about the comprehensive vulnerability of the city. Based on innovative structure of a dedicated GIS inventory, the model describes the elements at risk by a set of specific applying indicators purposely selected in order to mapping the exposure of the city to a seismic hazard and to represent urban vulnerability.
Authors: Maria Immacolata Simeon, Assunta Martone
Abstract: Culture is a powerful and unique driver for economic and socio-cultural development. But in Italy nowadays the absence of systemic and integrated vision of cultural sector brings economical and social benefits which are non adequate to the fields potentiality. Starting from this premise, the paper focuses on the cultural sector in Italy and identifies a interpretative model of local development activated by culture, based on the relationships between heritage, intangible capital and cultural and creative industries. The model contributes to highlight from one hand the relationship between cultural sub-sectors, to the other hand the economic and cultural market spillovers that are determined within the cultural borders and in related sectors. In this perspective, the paper provides also guidelines and policy implications to operators and policy makers to support - through tangible and intangible cultural capital - the urban regeneration and development of the territories.
Authors: Giuseppe Barbaro, Giandomenico Foti, Carmelo Luca Sicilia
Abstract: The urban development in the last century was characterized by a depopulation of the mountains and a concentration of the population in urban areas, most of them are located near the coast. This factor increased significantly the problems and risks connected to coastal erosion. Thus, it implied a stricter monitoring activity in order to protect the coast and the population, as well. This paper discusses the historical variation of the shoreline in Reggio Calabria.
Authors: Raffaele Scrivo
Abstract: Reggio Calabria becomes a metropolitan city with the law n ° 135 August 7, 2012. The new local authority must not only be an automatic replacement of the province, but it has to start processes of sustainable development of the territory, through processes and integrated programs in services and infrastructure. The expectations are starting innovative governance, streamlined and efficient and to provide services and infrastructure to the area of high rank through strategic planning and shared. The theme of port system take on strategic importance in a context that is a candidate to be a reference point in the Mediterranean. The port, many times, has been interpreted as a driving force of development, but it has often been conceived only in its technical - functional. The experiences and analysis of efficient port reality show that, for the construction of a port system, an integrated approach is necessary [3] which considers the aspects of social, economic and financial.
Authors: Gabriele Di Quarto, Antonino Labate, Maurizio Malaspina
Abstract: The Open Source Architecture (OSArc) is a new collaborative way to design common and shared areas at an architectural level, but also at an urban and technological level, etc.. It allows you to participate in the design phase both practically, with your technical contributions, and actively, with constructive criticism and intelligent and innovative suggestions. We thought of using this new design paradigm to make the Nuovo CEP project feasible and economically sustainable through the cooperation of both professionals and non-professionals (i.e. inhabitants, students, etc.). Nuovo CEP is a project, which aims to redevelop a suburban neighbourhood and transform it into a mini smart solar city. The OSArc for Nuovo CEP is realized by means of a wiki website where all interested users can register and insert their contributions together with others members of the community. In this paper, we are going to explain the Nuovo CEP project and its objectives, which will be a guideline and an inspiring source for users contributions. Then we will explain the wiki website structure used to implement the platform for the OSArc.
Authors: Angela Viglianisi
Abstract: The Program of the development of the metropolitan city of Reggio Calabria, can not be guided from simple considerations of quantitative type, but it must take into account the existing system of material and immaterial relations, that are the result of a series of sectorial issues organization, of the social and economic dynamics, until the cultural identities. Above all, the transport system has always an important role for development and control of a territorial System / Organization [1]. The integrated approach transport-territory, still now not at all took for granted, must become an opportunity to pursue for the competitiveness development of metropolitan city of Reggio Calabria. One of the asserted factors of competitiveness of a metropolitan area must be that of local transports. For these reasons, the present contribution puts as goal the deepening of urban metropolitan links of Reggio Calabria with the various systems of relationship between the municipalities, it has come to generate an idea of Territorial Organization of the future metropolitan city of Reggio Calabria. Also, the methodological course is based on analysis of supply of transport on the critical till to come to the definition of the first hypothesis of vision.
Authors: Francesco Saverio Nesci, Donatella Privitera
Abstract: This paper tackles the issue of municipal waste collection and disposal in the light of the environmental and health demands and emergencies coming from urban areas. Starting from an overview of the European situation, the case of the Calabrian region will be analysed, in order to hypothesise effective management interventions and disposal systems.
Authors: Antonino Destefano, Maria Ferrara
Abstract: This paper makes a point on a hypothetical research about the origins of metropolitan thought referring both to a natural process and to the need of reorganizing the concept of city focusing on its dimension and function. The metropolitan area originates from the evolution of built-up areas cut off by free spaces - between cities and rural villages - which preserve their municipal administrative autonomy (urban continuum). Since then the standards to define metropolitan areas have undergone different alterations. Initially the Italian law intervenes by reorganizing competences among administrative levels, afterwards by promulgating special founding laws. What kind of phenomenon is it and how can it be handled at a juridical level? What are its implications?
Authors: Francesca Moraci
Abstract: For some time now, following the constitutional reform, the debate on the metropolitan city has been reignited. The topic has been at the centre of attention given that cohesion policies attribute to metropolitan cities a key role in planning and the constitutional reform seems to have given an answer to the spending review which wipes out the provinces and formally identifies the European Strategy under the form of a programmatic suitability of intermediate metropolitan level. This level should counterbalance the municipal egoism which provides a distorted interpretation of subsidiarity which has marked planning since the revising of Title V. Very few are acquainted with the implications and complexities of these entangled mechanisms which will fail if all conditions are not met whether they be effective, nominal or opportunity related. This explains why the term Metropolitan City is preferred to conurbation, agglomeration or metropolitan area. Metropolitan Area and City do not coincide the area is in a portion of territorial recognition which entails attractive and competitive factors, the city is identified as such only if within the territorial organization that explains why the creation of both must be ensured: the city must be promoted in terms of competition, with or without a demographic dimension, by fostering the shared political project and by creating relational and productive conditions to attract and offer services and what else is necessary. What makes the difference is how to build and what to build. The strategy and the role of the future Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria and Messina stem from two different regulations and from the attempt to integrate interregional functions through the project I put forward: the strategic corridor platform of the Straits area. The platform is a non-confined territorial dimension which encompasses the two metropolitan cities and shares relational functions and understandings with the vast territory. It fully exploits the possibilities and available reforms in order to organize and provide the territory with competitive and functional dimensions so as to compete in Europe and in the Mediterranean. The prototype-project, the first part of the study has already been published, fosters an idea of governance and urban system which will devise, through future cohesion policies and multidimensional strategies, a single strategic vision of the territory able to dialogue at a local and Euro-Mediterranean level with the new scale economies and meet the challenges of 2020-2050. Without going into detail, the project proposes and organizes the intangible functions of the Area (new assets and networking) so as to satisfy the demand for services and infrastructures physical and non-physical (functional and international indicator).

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