New Metropolitan Perspectives

Volume 11

doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AEF.11

Paper Title Page

Authors: Alessandro Rugolo
Abstract: The contemporary model of the city is linked to the dynamics of information flows and economic and cultural influences. Consequently, the traditional administrative organization has proved inadequate favoring the definition of a new model of governance of urban areas, able to administer the complexity. This characteristic is typical of the metropolitan city, which requires a new institutional framework is equipped with tools and infrastructure suitable to govern the phenomena of mobility, economic development and transformations in the regime of synergistic and integrated.The metropolitan system the Strait of Messina need for a stable connection that ensures the conurbation of the two sides.
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Authors: Concetta Fallanca
Abstract: The common thread that links Reggio and Messina can be intended for the two cities to grow stronger and tie, with the alliance of Villa San Giovanni, moving towards advanced urban quality and performance. Time seems ripe to fulfill set evoked forty-five years ago with Project 80 for a new type of urban civilization towards a metropolitan scale because only high urban ranks could be considered able to provide goods and services that belong to a civilized society.The irresistible charm the City on the Strait has, is probably due to an extraordinary liquid significance to be considered as a primary infrastructure.The City of the Strait is not to be seen as a city that gets bigger, or two or three cities that become one; it is a city with solid and liquid ways, with significant urban parts that also interact visually, that wisely integrate and re-know in a richer and more complex territorial identity.The growing presence of the territorial risk dimension has to push for the need to innovate the forms and practices of urban planning, basing the plans and the projects for the city on risk prevention, building to offer itself to the widest dimension of the Mediterranean basin as a privileged point of observation about seismic hazard assessment.
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Authors: Antonio Taccone
Abstract: The proposal of a sustainable mobility project for the use of assets requires evaluations regarding the balances that regulate the territory and its functions that necessarily involve the introduction of the concept of quality. The efficiency of public transport and collective services, the well-kept historical center, the suburbs integrated and connected with the entire city, a strong morphological and cultural identity of the settlement, are, on the whole, the results that a careful project of the territory should be able to achieve. This contribution intends to deal with the issue of public mobility and accessibility in a view of territorial development linked to the use of the urban area asset of Reggio Calabria.
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Authors: Manuela Triggianese, Fabrizia Berlingieri
Abstract: Since more than fifty years, in the Netherlands, the Randstad Holland [1,2] represents a model of reference within the international debate on the sustainable balance between urban areas, infrastructural development and preservation of natural environment. The polycentric urban structure of the country progressively built up a new metropolitan reality of Europe, based on a stable configuration of cities’ spatial relations around the maintenance of the Green Hearth core and on strategic logics of infrastructural developments. However today the double awareness to rebalance growing population of urban areas and to open the region towards North-Central Europe, create fundamental conditions for a renewed expanding vision [3]. The current Dutch metropolitan perspective looks at the densest cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam as main European and international gates, addressing large scale ambitions to clusters of urban developments at the intersection of main roads, railways and local infrastructures. This paper presents an investigative approach and intends to provoke academic discussion on the conflicting and possible relationships between urban policies and design strategies in the construction of a new metropolitan European perspective. Particular emphasis is put on the coordination between contemporary policies with spatial implications in the city of Amsterdam. Exploring its geographical advantages, the City tries to give form to policies’ abstraction of Randstad 2040 vision in the recent structural spatial Agenda, focused on strategic urban and economic cores. The current vision represents the metropolitan ambition of the Netherlands, where the project of Zuidas - literally South Axis - is a prime example of a new model of intermodal urban hub. Throughout the Dutch example, this paper attempts to present Zuidas testing its capability to enhance an innovative approach – in urban policy and spatial implication- to sustainable development.
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Authors: Nicola Tucci, Francesco Antonio Fagà
Abstract: This pre-feasibility study prepared by the Centro Studi D.E.I Desarrollo Etico Internaciònal - in collaboration with the Italian Chamber of Commerce in Buenos Aires aims to prefigure a course of study - research - design that will be useful to the Municipality of the Metropolitan Norte (AMN) to set about solving the issue management and treatment of waste in their territories. This study starts from the direct observation by Expert DEI, local systems of waste management in the Province of Buenos Aires and, in particular, in the territorial area of the Rio Reconquista, which fall in the area 4 of the 5 Municipalities of AMN (Cuenca baja del Rio Reconquista) . Direct observation , it adds to the experience of BTP in the search for innovative technological solutions and management standards and technologies developed on a European and Italian that can easily adapt to the realities of urban Argentine population densities are high , right from the search Italo-Argentine of has developed an integrated method of MSW management , composed of both systems , high-tech integrated systems of collection, which is registered with the trademark Argentalia® . This pre-feasibility study demonstrates , at the outset, that it is useful to explore the theme through a next step , in a real feasibility study that supports municipalities in dell'AMN important choices to put in place concrete activities and virtuous in which the waste issues can move from the problem situation to that resource.
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Authors: Massimo Clemente
Abstract: This paper suggests to reflect on the waterfront in a nontraditional way, referring to theoretical and methodological assumptions, developed in recent years about “Cities from the Sea” by our research group in the National Research Council of Italy. So the first step is to move from cognitive analysis to proposals and projects. We can refer to the positive experience of New York that is a best practice in approach, strategies and results. The key of this success is a synthesis of the metropolitan vision favored by the public government, the activation of stakeholders to get results of common interest, the involvement of local communities. People was informed and motivated to put a position, they were encouraged to participate and to give a significant contribute to the achievement of results.
232
Authors: Maurizio Malaspina
Abstract: The present study deals with the theme of district policies applied to the enhancement of territorial systems suited to integration, highlighting the extraordinarily important role of participation and involvement in every stage of the process area. The research has focused on the codification of a model of supply network capability, the Ecodistretto, and has experienced the stages of start-up in a pilot area of the Strait, the antipeninsular sub-system of the Gallico Valley.
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Authors: Maurizio Arnone, Tiziana Delmastro, Letizia Saporito
Abstract: The new proposed law aimed at reorganizing the Italian administrative territorial institutions, called Delrio, has raised a big debate regarding the correct identification of the metropolitan cities and definition of their boundaries. This law states that basically the metropolitan city boundaries should correspond to the provincial ones. The present paper is aimed at contributing to this debate from a different point of view. Mobility is changing across the whole Europe, however different trends could be identified in different areas. Understanding this changes and the characteristics of the future mobility could support the stakeholders in the difficult process of identification of the new metropolitan cities boundaries.
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Authors: Alessandra Barresi, Gabriella Pultrone
Abstract: This paper illustrates a hypothesis of research on the role of the two metropolitan cities of Messina and Reggio Calabria in the development of the Integrated Strait Area and on the one they may play in the broader Euro-Mediterranean context, in the light of the 2014-2020 EU programming period. In particular, the research refers to the enhancement and activation of local resources and is inspired by the study La Nuova Occasione. Città e valorizzazione delle risorse locali, coordinated by Paola Casavola and Carlo Trigilia on behalf of Fondazione Res, whose method it shares and applies to the Strait Area, though with certain diversities due to the specific case concerned. The basic assumption is to believe that, today, the development and growth of territories depend on the functioning of cities, since they are the place where present and future residential areas, the idea of a government of public interest, intellectual activity and business management concentrate. Therefore, such cities should seize the chance to turn into catalysts of the economy, places of connectivity, creativity and innovation. This idea is even more rooted in the conurbation of the Strait of Messina, whose only possibility of future development, within a European geographical space characterized by the prevalence of strong and consolidated urban regions, may only derive from the capability of the two cities to become aware of their role in enhancing their particular local conditions and the varied latent potentials related to their specific local identity [1].
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Authors: Guido Sali, Stefano Corsi, Federica Monaco, Chiara Mazzocchi, Matjaž Glavan, Marina Pintar
Abstract: Metropolitan areas are characterized by the coexistence of a urban core insisting on natural resources of surrounding rural areas, strictly linked to the former. Inevitably, increasing urbanization and its consequences affect the model of urban development, which then needs to deal with the challenge of sustainability, also aiming to reduce pressures on resources and on supplying capacities of rural agricultural systems in providing food to urban zones, traditionally lacking. It then becomes important to deepen the possibility for the dense core to be supplied through proximity agriculture, able to recreate and improve synergic connections between urban and rural spheres. The paper aims to study the relationships among them for feeding the metropolis, adopting a methodology for the spatial definition of urban centre in metropolitan area and the assessment of its food balance, in order to identify the potentialities of local and proximity agriculture and provide a first evaluation for the possibility to match urban development and production potential. Identified tools are applied to Ljubljana metropolitan area.
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