New Metropolitan Perspectives

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Authors: Vereno Brugiatelli
Abstract: In the modern age cultural and political pluralism received the serious consideration of the Enlightenment philosophers. In the contemporary age, it is the centre of attention of several thinkers that tackle the often dramatic problems related with the misrecognition of rights and freedoms in cultural minority groups. Liberalism in its multiple formulations puts the universal principles that ignore differences at the base of its reflections. Philosophers such as Charles Taylor and Michael Walzer often insisted on the political necessity to face the problem of differences, denouncing the historical and cultural limits of the different forms of liberal universalism. By examining the contraposition between universalism and communitarism, in this paper I intend to give a theoretical solution to such a contrast. In order to outline a perspective able to overcome conflicts in a pacified society, I consider the resources of the recognition of the rights to capabilities, public debate and practical wisdom.
Authors: Raffaele Scrivo, Angela Viglianisi
Abstract: The Plan for the City, can be defined more like an operative program than a plan. In his criteria it is possible to identify a systemic, synergistic and sustanaible approach. The approach was that to define a method to integrate the time with economic and social factors, defining a more large concept of sustainability. The path has involved local stakeholders to understand their need, even often conflictual, between public and private, translating them into selection criteria and go on to apath of selection of actions. These actions will follow on iter on Public - Private partnership, three goals: to decrease public costs, to create a new push effect on investments, to encourage the private stakeholder on process of urban transformation.
Authors: Tiziana Meduri
Abstract: The paper examines the cooperation consists of the public / private partnership in the American environment, starting from the definition of the same, as experience shows partneship to represent the local government an alternative way to pursue growth and improvement in respect of sustainable development. In this context also shows the need for local government to work with business and the community to promote the territorys competitiveness, and wellness of local residents. The case of San Diego, California, shows how virtuous interaction and collaborative subjects (private, public, non-profit) has led to the economic and social development of different neighborhoods.
Authors: Carmelina Bevilacqua
Abstract: The European Union has recognized the centrality of community in economic development processes by stressing the role of the cities in delivering smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The European Commission has recently published a study on how cities use ERDF to make their cities a better place to live and work [. One of the most engaging results of the study is the variable geometry of strategies in place to achieve urban and territorial cohesion through the implementation of integrated approaches. The area-based type of intervention dominates many of the practices, especially those in deprived areas, because of social, economic and environmental factors. Physical regeneration is still a major driver in creating multi-stakeholder cooperation in the integration of policies. There are relatively few cases in which the place-based approach was combined with a people-based approach and even fewer where ERDF and European Social Fund (ESF) cross-funding was developed [2]. Even the urban dimension in the EU cohesion policy is not a new issue, the way in which the Europe 2020 intends to ensure integrated approach in the sustainable urban development is quite new because it entails both thematic concentration and involvement of the community. According to the Commissions proposals, there are several ways to support sustainable urban development with the Structural Funds: Operational programmes, Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI), Community-Led Local Development, financial instruments (like Jessica and Jeremie) by enhancing new forms of Public Private Partnership. The paper reports some interesting findings of the CLUDs project with respect the role of no-profit organization in different forms of Public Private Partnerships used to regenerate urban districts in the Metropolitan Area of Boston. The research funded by IRSES Marie Curie Actions has created an international network of 4 EU universities (Reggio Calabria, Rome, Salford and Helsinki) and 2 US universities (Northeastern University of Boston and San Diego State University) in research and innovation transfer in the field of PPP applied to urban regeneration actions and policies.
Authors: Santa Spanò
Abstract: This paper will explain a new approach to project. I want with this thesis project to give an example of sustainable and urban regeneration. I began by the theme of thesis that I have chosen after analysis of the territory. I want to realize a Specialized Health Care Center. I would give a sustainable service to the community. The whole building has been designed in its entirety. The project is composed by four elements: a park and three little residences for families. All has been thought for a sustainable life.
Authors: Valerio Cutini, Simone Rusci
Abstract: On September 30, 2013, the Giunta Regionale Toscana has approved a bill that is presumably destined to substitute the current regional law on the Governo del Territorio (L.R. 01/2005). The new law is going to prevent the new soil occupation for housing, thus radically and definitely closing the long lasting historic phase of the urban growth planning, hegemonic for over 80 years. The renovation and reuse of interstitial areas and the urban regeneration are therefore going to become the only possible intervention for supplying the housing needs of cities and local communities. The proposal has excited a strong debate among opposite sides of politicians, administrations, economic operators, professional and town planners; the law and the debate it is exciting) is likely to strongly influence both the legislation of other Italian regions and, at a national scale, the bills on territorial and environmental issues to be discussed by the Italian Parliament commissions. The transition of urban regeneration from the project sphere, often limited within local and punctiform operations, towards a process-oriented and diffused approach involves the urgent needs to pinpoint new shared tools, suitable for managing and controlling complex and codified procedures, multiplicity of involved subjects and the transparent participation of local communities. The definition of such tool as planning support is certainly essential for the political intentions and law regulations to concretely determine new operational method. The purpose of this paper is to briefly sketch the state of the art of the present methods and procedures at urban and territorial scale as well as to outline new approaches and developments so as to meet the new normative needs concerning the regeneration.
Authors: Claudia Trillo
Abstract: The paper aims at investigating how different approaches in the interaction among public institutions, (local) entrepreneurs and communities lead to better perform effective urban regeneration processes. At this aim, purposely selected urban regeneration programs undertaken in some neighbourhoods of Boston are discussed against a conceptual frame drawn from the civic economics theory, trying to unveil the potential of innovative forms of multiple actors’ partnerships acting together to achieve urban regeneration goals. The paper demonstrates how both a conceptual shift of the role of private investors in partnerships for urban regeneration, capable to incorporate traditionally public- led goals into private duties, and a conceptual shift of public and private partnerships mechanisms, capable to incorporate not exclusively market-oriented values but also the value of reciprocity, can led to achieve: a) territorial concentration, obtained through place-based, community- based organisations enacting also central policies; b) continuity over time, obtained through the overlapping actions of multiple- stakeholders organisations covering different goals and areas that complement each other.
Authors: Francesco Cappellano, Alfonso Spisto
Abstract: This paper aims at evaluating Transit Oriented Development’s performance related to social equity. We are going through the topic starting by the definition of Transit oriented Development, understanding its benefits (economic and environmental), its unintended consequences (related to social equity) and new strategies to avoid the latter ones. Finally we will compare two study cases, one in Rome (Italy) and one in Oakland, CA (USA) in order to figure out whether or not unintended social consequences are likely to be expected. We will adopt an evaluation design scheme, discovering that the best way to guarantee social equity is by using a “mixed framework” approach
Authors: Gregory H. Wassall
Abstract: This paper compares the role that cultural economic development has played in countries on both sides of the Atlantic. It evaluates reasons why the United States and Western European countries have pursued contrasting policies, and whether both have benefited from the paths they have taken. Although the dichotomy is not perfect, Western European countries have relied more on heritage goods, while the United States is more renowned for its intellectual property industries. The paper concludes with an argument that each regions strategy may be optimal, given its endowments and constraints.
Authors: Nico Calavita
Abstract: During the period immediately after World War II, planning in North America and Europe followed highly centralized, top-down, command-and-control approaches that were based on the rational-comprehensive model of planning, which implies an all-knowing, all-powerful government. Part and parcel of this approach was the government’s control of development land and its value. Beginning in the 1970s, as the precepts of an all-knowing, interventionist state clashed with the reality of uncontrollable global forces driven by multinationals and international finance, it became clear that planning had become a market-driven process, a “servant of the market,” and that inflexible, detailed plans would not work in most real-life situations. Consequently, such plans were either ignored or overridden

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