Architecture in Perspective VI

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Authors: Zuzana Pešková
Abstract: In 2006, the town council of Slany decided to respond to the new trend of regional policy in the Central Bohemia region and focused on the revitalization of the historic core of the town. The large-scale project was assigned to a team of professionals (teachers and graduates of the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Czech Technical University in Prague), led by Professor Sykora. Team members are to deal with issues of historical centre. The project presented a challenge to test theory, principles and procedures in practical design. The projected area featured Masaryk Square and 22 adjacent streets defined by the existing town walls. The reconstruction project of Vinarickeho Street was the first part of the overall project of revitalization of the historic core of the town chosen to implement. This reconstruction was one of the most technically, organizationally and financially complex works that have been undertaken in Slany recently. Construction started in November 2010 and lasted one year. Although this is a project of smaller scope, thanks to its complexity, sensitive approach and craftsmanship it brought the creators the price Construction of the Year 2012 in the Central Bohemia region and advanced to the second round in the competition Construction of the Year 2012 in Czech Republic.
Authors: Milada Baumannová, Jan Česelský, Miloslav Řezáč
Abstract: The aim of the article is an analysis of restructuring progress of two significant European, former industrial, cities with an approximately even number of inhabitants, which are centers of metropolitan territories about the same size and which dealt with redevelopment of extensive vacated, once industrial, areas in the city center at around the same time frame with emphasis put on assessment of the return on investment in the unique architecture and evaluation of its multiplier effect.
Authors: Pavel Holubec
Abstract: Assemblage thinking is process-based thinking. Understanding cities from this perspective therefore implies searching for processes that are assembling the city and that keeps it alive. Because of this approach, we don't need to ask: „what the city is?“ but either: „how did cities emerge?“ or: „how is their existence maintained?“ The paper argues that the perspective, from which we see cities, matters, because it either highlights or hides something. We will argue, that the result of an object-based thinking about cities, that stems from modern order of the world, is a very finite and constricted notion of a city, that in effect precludes any alternatives. But by overcoming the obsolete notions of objects, objectivity and subjects by notions of assemblage, perspectivity and chaining, the new world order may eventually emerge and resolve also the mounting enviromental and social problems. We understand city as a specific kind of creature that, through imposition of limits, has helped the human society to differentiate and become global. But now is the time to limit the city, acknowledge planetary boundaries and this way force the global society to develop itself so it can adapt to the challenges of the Anthropocene.
Authors: Jana Zdráhalová
Abstract: In the paper we analyse the character of spatial boundaries of buildings and examine their correlation with social changes. For a case study we use Holesovice, a quarter of Prague, Czech Republic. This city part is a typical example of originally industrial suburb with a large number of factories, docks and railway station, all built mainly in 19. century. In the last 15 years the area has gone through gentrification that significantly changed its urban and architectural face. The transformation also affected the character of services and cultural facilities available in the area. We compare boundaries of the original construction and boundaries of the new developments built in the last 15 years. The analysis is done at the scale of buildings. Our methodological framework is based on the Space Syntax theory and Urban Morphology. The studied characteristics are integration of accessible spaces and design of boundaries. The paper identifies urban and architectural features that correspond and reflect the lifestyle of the gentrified part of population.
Authors: Eva Bellakova
Abstract: Adequate natural conditions, including good raw materials and energy base, are prerequisites for a development of industrial production. The industrial production in these areas causes a creation of a settlement dependent on industrial activities. In this way the development of the industry results into the social and cultural development of regions and settlements. This simple scheme of regional development is accompanied by the construction of technical, industrial and ultimately residential and public buildings. In particular, a good production potentiality is the common characteristic of the construction development. The impact of the industrial production on architecture and urban development is indisputable. The paper will present this dependence on the example of the most important iron producer in the former Kingdom of Hungary-Hronec complex. Ironworks in Podbrezova became the most important industrial site of the Hronec complex in the late 19th century and, today, it ranks among the European leaders in its field. The industrial area of Podbrezova has determined the urban development throughout its history. The urban and architectural development of Podbrezova in the second half of the 20th century fluently followed up the development of the previous period. As then, production facilities has remained subject to the changing conditions of the production and the surrounding urbanism has been determined in response to these changes. Podbrezova's spatial layout represents complementarity between the current production requirements and demands of the population. The ability to adapt to changing conditions has guaranteed that Podbrezova is still a viable and workable urban structure.
Authors: Martina Peřinková, Eva Slováková, Václav Potůček
Abstract: Urban structure is constantly changing. Its development was influenced by several important steps in history of any city. Up to interval of time, it is possible to accept the assessment of the pros and cons, but mainly emerging lessons for the future. When studying the map sources, the authors of the article found three main groups. These groups have got common working title barriers of the cities. For the single barriers of the cities were chosen the specific examples of urban structures on which the effects of their influence were demonstrated. On the basis of the influence of the three groups of barriers were defined two basic structures of the cities.
Authors: Klára Frolíková Pallánová, Jan Kovář, Ivona Dlábiková, Eva Proskeová, Zuzana Tomečková
Abstract: One of the eternal influencing factors on the development of people´s place of living is the problem of burying. These problems change in time but consequentially require long-term planning, the reservation of an area in a proper territorial community with all planned consequences thoroughly thought through. Cemeteries come close to the course of life in society and its relationship to the values of previous generations. According to the state of the cemetery and its tidiness it is possible to make a judgement on the cultural advancement of society. The loss of rituals and the encroaching secularization of society are connected to making the problems of burials and burying taboo. The objective of this work is an attempt to change this state by leading a discussion on the tradition of burying as part of life in the European context of selected cemeteries in Vienna, Brno and Prague. There are taken into consideration the historical influences and the reasons of introducing legal arrangements, historical connections, urban establishments, funereal arts, architecture and pictures of the cemeteries that were studied. There are observed the present trends in burying and the arrangement of existing cemeteries and comparing them with inter-European influences. The problems of cemeteries are presented with their projection into the future on the cultural and ethical level of the moral code.
Authors: Martin Hudec, Lea Rollová
Abstract: The possibility to carry out sports activities is one of the factors which increase the quality of life for the citizens of a city. The city of Bratislava ranks among the biggest places of sport activities in Slovakia. Most of the sport facilities were, however, built in the past century; therefore they do not fulfill the demands of technical condition, economic efficiency, do not meet the international criteria of professional sport and do not meet the broad spectrum of the modern sport activities, especially for the younger age group users. It is needed to modernize and build the new sport buildings in all areas of sport, at school sports, sport for all and also in professional and performance sport activities. In accordance with the new trends in design of sports facilities, there is a need to reduce servicing costs, to improve implementation of technologies that increase the quality, safety and economy efficiency. The priority is the creation of multifunctional or hybrid facilities, which can offer the widest range of activities to users. In this report, the survey of the condition of existing sports facilities in Bratislava and proposal for possible solutions to the revitalization or the design of new facilities with sport function is published. The combinations of different activities which are compatible and suitable for multifunctional facilities are also published here.
Authors: Ilkka Paajanen
Abstract: In Finland the influence of the Alvar Aalto has been very strong. It is not easy to say, what to do with Alvar Aalto and his buildings? Let’s take three cases: Library in Vyborg was built just before the Second World War. The former Finnish town was after the war one part of the Soviet Union. During the soviet era the building was in very bad condition. During the last 20 years it has been renovated. Now it looks like it was in the 30es. Some details remind the soviet renovations. Should we have a building like this in his earlier presentation or should we see also the history of the building? Sunila area in Kotka was built by one wood company in the middle of the 20th century. In the 60es the company sold the buildings. The flats are small, in the flats there are toilets but not showers. The situation especially in the 70es was miserable. In the last decades the Pro Sunila society has developed the area and the flats (for example two small flats together as a big one with bigger showers etc.). How we can develop an area? Nano laboratory building in Otaniemi was built in 60es as wood laboratory of the Helsinki University of Technology. There are many very fine architectural details in the building. For about eight years ago the building was renovated as nano laboratory. How to renovate a laboratory building, when you should in the same time use renovation, conservation and build high tech laboratory?

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