Research on Ground Settlement due to EPB Shield
The surface settlement is affected by many factors due to EPB shield. This paper takes the shield construction of Guangzhou Metro Line 5 as an example, carries out three dimensional numerical experiments on the ground settlement rule. The result indicates that soil warehouse pressure and the efficiency of grouting is important factors of the surface displacement. To increase grouting pressure and shorten the grouting time can reduced the ground settlement in effective. With the increase the soil warehouse pressure, the settlement behind the working face is reduced and the front working face is increased. When the soil warehouse pressure is at the over balance condition, the raising ground is increased and the settlement is reduced. The value of settlement is much larger than the value of raising. So to increase the soil warehouse pressure is another effective method to reduced the ground settlement on the premise that the front soil body of shield does not be destroy.
Paul P. Lin and Chunliang Zhang
Z. G. Yan "Research on Ground Settlement due to EPB Shield", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 105-107, pp. 1276-1279, 2012