Active Flow Control over the Car
Active flow control methods are used to reduce the aerodynamic drag over a car model. Method of Boundary layer suction at the top rear and air injection at the back of the car are used as the active flow control tools to suppress the aerodynamic drag. The computational results obtained using the standard model for the car model are verified first against the practical results obtained by wind tunnel experimentation so as to obtain the range of turbulence. Then a parametric study on the effect of the drag and lift coefficient of the car with respect to the parameters governing the active flow control is done. The drag coefficient is reduced by 20.25% using this strategy with 19.4% increase in the lift coefficient.
D. K. Singh and G. Bandyopadhyay, "Active Flow Control over the Car", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 2521-2528, 2012